AnAustralian study conducted by North Sydney Environmental Protection Authority(2015:1) highlight the issue of illegal dumping as an increasing concern inNorth Sydney since 2004.
The report states that household waste is the mostcommon material sent to illegal dumpingsites. Of particular interest was that illegal dumping cannot be confined to aparticular demographic. It concluded that any human being is capable of dumpingwaste. According to this study the dumping behaviour is not associated withlevel of education or income levels. This remains a very interesting factorbecause of the questions that could not be explored with eSkotshi villagestudy. If it was not for other limitations it would have been worthwhile tocompare dumping behaviours in urbanised sections of the Ethekwini municipalityto rural, and previously advantaged areas where the services of wastecollection never existed prior to democracy.Thereare at least two studies conducted within Ethekwini municipality on the issueof illegal dumping.
The study by (Abel, 2009) focused on perceptions of illegaldumping. Amongst the findings is that people have a general belief that it isthe duty of the government to clean after them Abel, (2009:5) thereforelittering is not a problem. The same study focussed on waste building rubble stored piledby private owners to extend their slope.
The said rubble on steep slopes end up blocking storm water drainage, sewer andcontaminates nature. Ngeleka(2010:91) presents some finding and recommendations of a study conducted inClermont KZN, thus highlighting that environmental problems like solid wastemanagement enjoy low priority in the community. According to Ngeleka, observationshave shown that there is illegal dumping in Clermont, people are more concernedabout meeting their daily basic needs rather than worrying about thesurrounding environment and its immediate problems. There are various reasonsstated by people for practising illegal dumping. These types of conclusionsleaves a lot to be desired in as far as analysis of driving forces behindillegal dumping are concerned. The results of the Nacelle study in relation toobjectives of the study under concern is thought provoking in terms of how mucheffort is put into awareness of environmental care and correct methods of wastedisposal by local authorities.Thedraft Integrated Waste Management Strategy (2016) for Ethekwini municipalityspeak to the issue of illegal dumping. It highlights the causes to be about:Poor waste removal services within a specific area, Lack of convenient disposal sites; Lack of public awareness on the issue(http://www.
durban.gov.za). This proves that the municipality is aware of theillegal dumping problem. Nevertheless, Ethekwini Municipality is the relevantauthority for waste management in the area of study. The municipality has adedicated function called Solid Waste Management.
ConclusionIllegaldumping remains a challenge in this municipality. This study will thencontribute to at least mapping of the areas that are affected by illegaldumping within the municipality. The study will also make a contribution tounderstanding reasons for dumping in the area where there is a waste collectionservice. The waste collection service is rendered once a week. It is not knownwhy residence opt to dump their refuse. The hierarchy of waste management willbe chosen as the theoretical framework.
It will help understand waste disposalmethods employed by the residents. The hierarchy of waste management will alsobe useful in learning about favoured household waste methods over one another.