According to the U.S. Government’s Guide toCountering Intelligence (2009), counterinsurgency (COIN) can be labeled as”a thorough civil and military effort to defeat and deter the uprising andaddress its root causes.” Uprising is the organized use of subversion andviolence to seize, cancel or challenge the political control of a region. It isessentially a government in which all parties use force to create an effectivevacuum of political, economic and clout. “This counter-insurgency took place during theofficial or political recognition of the occupying power of the government,army or foreign police and the internal conflicts that involved the subversionand armed rebellion.
Best anti-insurgency campaign “, thepolitical, security, economic and information components of the government’slegitimacy by reducing the population impact of the insurgency. Theanti-insurgency strategy should aim at protecting people from violence andincreasing legitimacy: being insurgent “(U.S. Government Anti-Spy Guide,2009)Anti-insurrection is not studied asconformism. It is the truth that there were more insurrections during the lasthalf of the 20th century than conventional wars.
Even the most professionalarmies scarcely devote the time and effort needed to understand theseasymmetrical conflicts, concentrating instead on the preparation of the greattraditional battles of this century. The result is that the most powerful andtechnologically advanced armies can defeat more permanent armies with relativeease find it extremely difficult to defy the Volt. For this reason, a policy todefeat a conventional fighting army is usually counterproductive incounter-insurgency.
While in conventional combat, the most common use ofbrutality is used to quickly overwhelm the rival army, in counter-insurgency itis necessary to use violence in a more discriminatory way to prevent alienation. Population. Ceasing rebels inside and outside and eventually reducing theirarmed units is the basis of counter-insurgency.Successful insurgency depends on internal andexternal support. Internally, they depend on the local areas, recruits andsupplies of Indigenous Peoples.
External support is crucial because rebelsoften can not procure or buy artillery or equipment. Therefore, neighboringcountries can provide valuable weapons and equipment and security to the armedelements. The real breakthrough in Vietnam during the war in Indo-china it wasthe control of the Communist Party in China, and the Chinese soon beganoffering valuable support. Although military operations may kill dozens of rebelsand the US acts in Vietnam, they can recover losses if the rebels continue toreceive workers and supplies. The internal and external aid to insurgents mustbe denied before the army is seriously eliminated. To clear up internal rebelsupport, citizens must be rescued and conquered their hearts and minds.
This isneeded because even if the people be of the same mind with the government’sreasons, it would be ineffective if the government feared against the rebels.Apparently, the only way toprotect the community is to separate them from the insurgents. It is alaborious process that takes a lot of time and effort. First of all, the armymust move to a restricted area with the guerrillas and force the largest groupof insurgents. Therefore, the army must fill the population centers to preventthe return of the insurgents. Later, the community was banned to prevent themfrom supporting the mutiny and the recognized residual insurgents.