Tyrannyisexhibitedinmanyways.In1787ourfoundingfathersmetinPhiladelphia todiscussaproblem,TheArticlesofConfederationwerenotworking.Soafteralongdebate,theymadeadecision,tothrowouttheoldandinwiththenew.Meaning,todumpthe ArticlesofConfederationandmaketheConstitution.Howwillanotherpieceofpaperguardagainsttyranny?Well,theConstitutionwillstartaneweraofgovernment.Consistingof; Federalism,SeparationofPowers,ChecksandBalances,andBalancingPowerbetweenthe LargeandSmallStates.

OnewaytheConstitutionguardsagainsttyrannyisFederalism.Federalismisjusta fancywordforthepowersgiventothestates,tothecentralgovernment,andpowersthetwoshare.DocumentAstatesthatthecentralgovernmentcanregulatetrade,conductforeign relationsanddeclarewar.Thestatescansetuplocalgovernments,holdelectionsand establishschools.AsJamesMadisonsaid,”Thedifferentgovernmentswilleachcontroleachother,atthesametimethateachwillbecontrolledbyitself.”WhatJamesMadisonistrying tosayisthatthecentralandstategovernmentshaveenoughpowerthattheydon’tcontrol everything.Thecentralgovernmenthasenoughpowertohelpsomeofthecountry’smajor needsandthestategovernmenthasenoughpowertohelpthestate’sneedsbecausethestate’sneedsmaybemorespecific.Fromthis,youmayconcludethatdividingpowersbetweenthecentralandstategovernmentspreventstyranny.

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SeparationofPowersguardsusfromtyrannybydividingthebranchesofgovernment.Forexample,inDocumentBitsays,”Libertyrequiresthatthegreatdepartmentsofpowers shouldbeseparateanddistinct.”ThismeansthattheLegislativeBranch(Congress;HouseofRepresentativesandSenate)shouldbecompletelydifferentfromtheExecutive(President)or theJudicialBranch(Courts).Thedifferentbranchescouldhavedifferentviewpoints.This maypreventtyrannybymakingpeoplenotwanttotrytotakeoverthegovernmentbecause theythinkthegovernmentishardtotakeover,sincetherearethreeseparatebranches.In conclusion,theSeparationofPowersprotectsusfromtyrannyinthisway.

TheConstitutionguardsusagainsttyrannybyusingchecksandbalances.InDocumentC,itsays,”…theconstantaimistodivideandarrangetheseveralofficesinsuchamannerasthattheymaybeacheckontheother….(TheThreeBranches)shouldnotbesofar separatedastohavenoconstitutionalcontrolovereachother.”Thisbasicallymeansother branchchecksoneachothertomakesuretheyhaveallthesameamountofpower.They checkbyusingtheirequalpowerandapprovingordisapprovingsomethingthattheother branchhasdone,forexample,theExecutiveBranchcanvetoacongressionallegislation,however,LegislativeBranchcanoverridethepresidentialveto.Ifonebranchbecomes overpowered,thenitmayconsidertyranny,inwhich,onebranchhasabsolutecontrolover thewholegovernment.Allinall,usingchecksandbalancestheConstitutionmayhelpstop tyrannyintheUnitedStates.

Constitutionguardsusfromtyrannybyhavingequalrepresentationfromallthestates.InDocumentD,itstates,”Thenumberofrepresentativesshallnotexceedoneforevery thirtythousand,buteachstateshallhaveatleastonerepresentative…TheSenateofthe UnitedStatesshallbecomposedbythelegislaturesthereofforsixyears;andeachsenator  shallhaveonevote.”TheselawsintheConstitutionaretomakesurethatallthestateshave equalpower.Theymustallhaveequalrepresentationsothattheycanhaveasayinthe government.IftheConstitutionwasnotexistent,somestateswouldhavetotalcontrolover otherstatesbecausethesmallerstatesdidn’thaveasay.Thepowersthepeoplehave,also keeppeoplewhomakelawsfrombeinginthegovernmentfortoolongbecausetheycould gaintoomuchpower.ThisisthelastwaytheConstitutionguardsfromtyranny.

Therearemanyformsoftyranny,andthemanywayspeoplehavepreventedtyranny,oursbeingTheConstitution.Justthinkoftyrannyasaburglar,itcreepsuponadefenselesswomanandsnagsherpurse,andTheConstitutionasthedefender,whotacklestyrannydownandretrievesthepurse,a.k.athepower.Federalism,SeparationofPowers,Checksand Balances,andBalancingthePowerbetweenSmallandLargeStateshasdefendedAmerica againsttyrannyfor228yearsandhopefullywillforyearstocome.

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