1. with the local community, friends, family, establishing

and Future Direction In summary, the author suggests that there must be
factors from both sides present that an individual is inclined to join ISIS. The
personal motivational factors, shape the beliefs, attitudes and the ideology of
a person in a way which could potentially increase the probability he or she
joins the organisation. The organisational motivational factor on the other
hand play an important role for the appeal of the group and they also provide
the context for the personal connection one has towards the organisation. From
a psychological point of view, involvement in terrorism is shaped by the
interaction between the group and the individual, instead of a static process
only coming from the person alone.        In the opinion of the author, security services
around the world need to act before a person becomes influenced by ISIS. The
intelligence resources needed are, of course, enormous and it can be a very
difficult task. Therefore, authorities have to work with the local community,
friends, family, establishing good relations between the police and the
citizens, to increase the chances of identifying someone who is attracted to a
terror organisation.  Secondly, they need to address ISIS’ very
sophisticated use of social media, by developing counter- narratives, to reduce
the effectiveness of the groups online propaganda efforts. However, it is
important that a one- size- fits all approach is unlikely to work, because of
the different target groups ISIS approached.  Lastly, there is a fundamental difference between
all the other terrorist groups (like al-Qaeda) and ISIS. This difference needs
a detailed examination, because the strategy to fight al- Qaeda for example may
not be successful when it comes to countering ISIS, because of the different
underlying motivations for their psychological appeal. 

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