1. One may be at a disadvantage even from the early stage of applying for a job.
a. Imagine this, a situation where both a man and a woman are applying for a top-notch position in a company. The woman, have all the qualifications and job experiences. Then, there’s the man, who have fewer qualifications and job experiences compare to the woman. Yet, they still pick the man over the woman because they believe that men are more suitable to be leaders rather than women.
b. Clearly, this shows that people assume one personality trait and behaviour through their gender, which is clearly wrong as gender does not explain your credibility and qualifications.
2. Gender expectations in work field may cause someone to perform less than what they are capable of doing.
a. Stereotype threat may happen when one is aware of stereotypes in that particular field, they may intentionally reduce their performance to avoid outperforming the opposite gender. (Steele and Aronson, 1995).
b. Burton et al. (2009) claimed that due to role incongruity, women are at a drawback in the labour market for supervision positions due to three reasons; one, the normative gender roles in attribution where women are expected to attribute much less leadership ability than men, two, the nature of preference where it is less desirable for masculine leadership performance from a woman than that from a man, and three, role appropriation causes lack of self-confidence as it was to be believed ‘she may not perform correctly’.
c. This may cause someone to not use their full potential and ability as they believe their hard work is unworthy as at the end of the day, they would still be labelled according to their gender.
(Transition: Now, we see how gender stereotypes may be able to jeopardize one’s future, would you believe me if I say it could ruin one’s present as well?)
A. Gender roles conceal the truth from being told.
1. The association of men with the idea that they want sex all the time.
a. Kassing et al. (2005) addressed that there are six categorizations for male rape myths and one of them is forced sexual contact is still pleasurable for men.
b. Sexual violence including rape could be defined as penetration of the vulva or anus, either by a penis, other body parts or an object even in the slightest bit that is done by force without the other’s consent. (World Health Organization, n.d.)
2. Many male rape victims are scared in voicing out their problem and seeking out help.
a. Social repercussions happen when anytime a male rape victim shares their tragic story.
b. It was found that male report cases are low as the situation may put their sense of masculinity at stake (Pino and Meier, 1999).
c. This will cause them to have low self-esteem issues and later drowns them in depression.
d. In extreme cases, it will cause them to commit suicide.
3. Although female rape cases are higher than male rape cases, we should not brush off the fact that it still happens.
a. According to Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (n.d.), out of 10 cases of rape, 1 of them is a man.
b. This shows that men are not invincible and they too, are vulnerable to being a rape victim.
A. Review of main points:
Today, I proved how inaccurate gender roles are. I also managed to shine the light on the truth regarding how severely can gender roles bring harm. I, too proved on the fact how gender roles bounded one’s capabilities.
B. Restate thesis statement: We should stop gender stereotyping as it is simply inaccurate, it conceals the truth and it limits one’s capabilities.
C. Closure: In a simpler way, I want each and every one of you to stop believing in gender stereotypes. Don’t ignore them, by ignoring gender stereotyping, it is as if you agree with it. Change it. How? Do what you are told otherwise. Go out and wear whatever you please, behave in ways you are comfortable with and do things that make your heart content. Stand up for yourself as gender is nothing but what describes the thing between your leg.